How To Make Crutches At Home?

Crutches offer a great deal of support for the people who cannot use their legs to support their weight.

Crutches transfer the weight from the legs to the upper body.

It is useful for people who have short-term injuries to lifelong disabilities.

Crutches can be made at the house too. The best suited for making crutches at home is using wood.

We will now see the steps of how to make crutches with wood at home.

How to Make Crutches with Wood?

how to make crutches

Step-1: Selecting wood

  1. Straight-grained sound lumber is the prime choice for this purpose.
  2. Bendable hardwoods like oak are excellent and durable, but softwood can also be used. White pine, softwood which is illustrated will do just fine.

how to make crutches at home

Step-2: Splitting the wood

  1. The wood has to be split to accommodate two 1 1⁄4 inch (3.2 cm) by 1 1⁄2 inch (3.8 cm) boards which would be 66 inches (167.6 cm) in length.
  2. One end of these 12 inches (30.5 cm) have to be marked.
  3. For separating the two limbs, split them down their centers from the end to the mark.

how to make crutches with wood

Step-3: Drilling and Inserting The Hex Bolt

  1. We were at the end of the rip cut, below that mark a 3⁄8 inch (1.0 cm) hole through the center 2 inches (5.1 cm) have to be drilled.
  2. A 3⁄8 inch hex bolt on the head through this hole has to be inserted.
  3. On the threaded end place another washer.
  4. Installing the hex nut and tighten it snugly.

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Step-4: Cut to make “Y” shape

  1. A wedge 3⁄4 inch (1.9 cm) wide, 3 inches (7.6 cm) long need to be cut.
  2. To spread them out, push it between two limbs.
  3. It should form a “Y” shape, and the sides should be symmetrical.

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Step-5: Cutting bevel

  1. A 1X1 inch block 4 inches (approx. 10.2 cm) long with a 15-degree slope on each end has to be cut for crutch grip.
  2. Then bore a 3⁄8 inch (1.0 cm) deep hole through the center.
  3. The shape of the blocks needs to be round to hold comfortably.

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Step-6: Drilling series of holes

  1. A center has to be marked where you’d put the grip.
  2. Place the end of the crutch on the ground and drop the hand to a comfortable height to pinpoint the center.
  3. For making usable for different heights persons, drill a series of holes so that the grip can be lowered or raised.

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Step-7: Pushing all-thread rod

  1. A 3/8 all-thread rod has to be pushed through the grip, and both the limbs.
  2. Then flat washers have to be placed and nutted on each end of these bolts tightly.
  3. The rod that goes beyond the nuts has to be cut and polished.

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Step-8: Trimming

  1. The height of the crutches has to be marked where the limbs need to be shortened at.
  2. This can be measured by grabbing the crutches by the grips in the position one would use the crutches in.
  3. The limbs have to be cut up to the mark.

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Step-9: Creating steps

  1. You’ll need two more blocks of wood – 1 1/2 inches (5.1 cm) square and 7 inches (17.8 cm) long.
  2. Notch each end half an inch (1.3 cm) back from the terms and a half inch deep.
  3. The ends of the limbs in these notches have to attach with glue and nail.

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Step-10: Smoothing rough surfaces

  1. For making the crutches more user-friendly and easy on the eyes, the uneven surfaces can be polished.

How to Make Crutches More Comfortable?

Now when using the crutches, it must be comfortable.

So, for making crutches more comfortable, the following processes can be followed.

A cushion can be used:

make crutches comfortable

  • Rolled-up towels or blankets or spare pieces of fabrics can be used as cushions.

make crutches more comfortable

  • The cushion needs to be pushed underneath the current crutch pads. Sometimes these pads are take-off, stuffing them with cushioning material and put them back on. However, for some crutches, it is not suitable. So, while applying this process, one must be very careful.

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  • For greater comfort, a set of commercial crutch pads can be used. These crutch pads are reasonably economical.

how to make crutches more comfortable

  • The grip areas also need to be covered with cushions. While using crutches, much of one’s body weight is on one’s palm. So, for reducing the discomfort of hands, the grip areas need cushions.

Crutches Hacks!

crutches hacks

  • Adjusting crutches: Adjusting crutches is more critical than selecting crutches. Even cushioned crutches can be a pain if they don’t fit accurately. Changing crutches is dependent on two things, one is patients height and type of crutches. Two types of crutches can be used,
    1. Underarm Crutches: The crutches must be below the armpit of the patient. The tips must be put into a few inches or centimeters in front of the feet. The crutches should be adjusted, so that they rest just an inch or 2 (2.5 to 5 cm) beneath patients armpits.
    2. Forearm Crutches: The crutches must be onto the arm of the patient, and the patient should hold the handle of the crutch. The elbow should be flexed so that the inside of one’s wrist is level with the hip at about a 30° angle. The crutch should be adjusted so that it touches the floor in this position. The armrest should support the most substantial part of patients forearm, and the handle should be level with the wrist.

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  • Holding correctly: It must be checked again and again that whether a patient carries the crutches successfully or not because sometimes wrist or hand pain may occur for not using crutches ergonomically.

life hacks for crutches

  • The wrist of the hand must be in line.

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  • Careful movement: Off-kilter gait when walking normally can be a cause of long-lasting pain. So, one must pay attention to his pace,
    1. Underarm Crutches: Patient must stand on his uninjured leg and set the crutches 1 step ahead. A patient wants to move forward, and he must set the crutch angular forward. Patient must land on uninjured leg about a step ahead of where the crutches touch the ground. He must swing the crutches forward and repeat by keeping injured leg off of the field at all times.
    2. Forearm Crutches: Patient must stand on his uninjured leg and set the crutches 1 step ahead. As a patient wants to move forward, he must set the crutch angular forward. The whole body weight must put onto the crutches and move forward. The forearms are used to maintain balance and control during the swinging motion. Patient must land on uninjured leg about a step ahead of where the crutches touch the ground. He must keep the injured leg off of the field at all times.

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  • Careful on the stairs: While using stairs,
    1. “GAS” method should be followed for going up. It means,
      • Step with Good leg.
      • Then lift the Affected leg.
      • Then move Sticks.
    2. “SAG” method should be followed for going down. It means,
      • Move Sticks.
      • Move Affected leg.
      • Step with Good leg.


A crutch is a great tool in a time of need.

If possible, making it by your hand may give you the perfect setting you need for your utmost comfort as well as the satisfaction of doing it yourself.


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